Kisi-kisi Soal UTS dan UAS Elektronika Beserta Jawaban

SOAL A 1) Berikut ini yang termasuk komponen elektronika dengan jenis komponen pasif yaitu ....

Kisi-kisi Soal UTS dan UAS Sistem Terdistribusi Beserta Jawaban

SOAL A 1. Berikut ini yang merupakan karakteristik dari definisi sistem terdistribusi adalah ....

Remove Bios Password and Harddissk (HDD) Laptop

I think to remove the bios password on an average PC is already can, although without having to memorize the password. the system jumpers or removing battery bios. ever see a supervisor, admin, system, HDD, bios, setup password?

Memperbaiki Kick Starter Motor Matic

Motor Matic is a motor that is the easiest to use and most in our homeland. please note that the motor also takes care of very sensitive, just like a computer that also takes care of sensitive anyway.

Gejala Kerusakan Mesin Air Submersible Metabo

Mesin Air Submersible atau yang sering disebut kebanyakan orang (satelit) ini sangat bagus, dengan sistemnya yang canggih dan fleksible. tipe mesin yang berbasis kerja di dalam tanah dan hanya menggunakan satu pipa ini, sangat berguna untuk anda yang memiliki banyak lumpur atau air kuning setelah pengeboran.

24 July 2011

GNU/Linux Most Wanted Command 2

The next series of GNU/Linux Most Wanted Command

Listing files / directory

  • ls : list all file(s) / directory
  • ls -l : list / display with a long listing atributes
  • ls -a : display all file(s) and directory including hidden files(s) / directory ( starting with . )
  • ls -S : display with the biggest size first
  • ls -ltr : display longlist with most recent at last
  • ls -r : display with a reverse sort order
Displaying text file content

cat text-file


cat readme.txt

File access right

Add write permissions to the current user :

  • chmod u+w file-name

Add read permission to users in the file group

  • chmod g+r file-name

Add read + write permissions to all users :

  • chmod a+rw file-name

Make the whole directory and its contents accessible by all users :

  • chmod -R a+rx directory-name

gzip file-name (.gz format)
bzip file-name (.bz2 format)
lzma file-name (.lzma format)


gunzip file.gz
bunzip2 file.bz2
unzlma file.lzma

Tape Archive

Create a compressed archive

tar zcvf archive.tar.gz dir
tar jcvf archive.tar.bz2 dir
tar ­­lzma ­cvf archive.tar.lzma

Test (list) a compressed archive:

tar ztvf archive.tar.gz
tar jtvf archive.tar.bz2
tar ­­lzma ­tvf archive.tar.lzma

Extract the contents of a compressed archive:

tar zxvf archive.tar.gz
tar jxvf archive.tar.bz2
tar ­­lzma ­xvf archive.tar.lzma

tar options:

c: create
t: test
x: extract
j: on the fly bzip2 (un)compression
z: on the fly gzip (un)compression

Handling zip archives

zip ­r (create)
unzip ­t (test / list)
unzip (extract)

Basic Administration

Reboot macine (now)

sudo reboot

Reboot the machine in times minutes :


Reboot machine in next 5 minutes

sudo shutdown -r +5

Shutdown machine

sudo halt


19 July 2011

GNU/Linux Most Wanted Command

Wow, judul postingannya keren betul. GNU/Linux Most Wanted Command. Basa Inggris dikit ah ;) Maklum lagi inget ama Mr Tono, My English teacher at Senior High School. Hello Mr Tono.. How are you?

1. Handling Directory

Create a directory :

mkdir name-of-the-directory [ mkdir test ]

Create nested directory ( directory with sub directory ) :

mkdir -p directory1/directory2

Enter to directories :

cd name-of-the-directory [ cd directory1 ]

cd .. [ go to the parent directory ]
cd - [ go to previous directory ]
cd [ go to /home/*active-user directory ]
cd /home [ goto /home directory ]
cd / [ go to "/" or root ]
cd ~joherujo [ goto home directory of joherujo ups.. my home directory ]
cd /joherujo [ goto /home/joherujo ]
pwd [ Print the current working directory ]

2. About copy file / directory

Copy file to another directory

cp source-file destination (file or directory)

i.e :

cp test.txt Documents/text [ copying test.txt to the Documents/text directory ]
cp test.txt test-copy.txt [ copying test.txt to the new file test-copy.txt ]

Copy file(s) to another directory

cp source-file destination-directory

i.e :

cp test.txt /home/joherujo/data/text/ [ copying test.txt to /home/joherujo/data/text/ ]

Copy directory recursively ( directory with sub-directory or file(s) )

cp -r source-directory destination-directory


rsync -a source-directory destination-directory


cp -r test test-copy
rsync -a test test-copy

3. Rename / Remove File(s) / Directory

rm file1
rm file2
rm file3
rm file1 file2 file3

Remove an empty directory

rm name-of-directory


rm dir1

Remove non emty directory

rm -rf directory
rm -R directory

Rename file / directory

Rename directory

mv old-directory new-directory

i.e :

mv old new

Rename file

mv old-file new-file

i.e :

mv old.txt new.txt

Segitu dulu jo.. next time di lanjut.. I'm sleepy

15 July 2011

Wireless Connection Equipment

Belkin-Wireless-G-Plus-RouterBelkin Wireless G Plus Router


The Belkin Wireless G Plus Router connection to your cable or DSL modem and enables your computers to share broadband Internet access. Our Router also lets your computer share music files, printers, and hard drives. You can add up to 32 computers to your wireless network with additional notebook and desktop wired and wireless network cards.By achieving networking speeds that are faster than standard 802.11g, the Wireless G Plus Router provides increased real world networking speeds.

This means you will see overall speed improvements in mixed mode networking environments where other 802.11g devices may be present. Wireless G Plus offers even faster speeds in pure G Plus networking environments. Wireless G Plus technology is interoperable with all other wireless devices.

  • Up to 35% faster than 802.11g, with a 700 ft. signal range
  • Advanced security features, including WPA encryption
  • Backward compatible to 802.11b standard.

WiFi Wireless IEEE 802.11G/B WLAN 54Mbps Network Adapter

USB2.0 Wireless Lan USB Adapter for Laptop Noteook Desktop PC Suport Vista/Windows 7(32bit & 64bit)/Linux


  • Wireless LAN 11g USB Adapter
  • IEEE 802.11g
  • USB1.1/2.0
  • 2.4GHz-2.4835GHz
  • IEEE 802.11g: 6, 9, 12, 18, 25, 36, 48, 54Mbps
  • 5V DV
  • System Requirements
  • PC - compatible computer, CPU speed of 200MHz or above
  • Memory: 64MB or above, 128MB recommended
  • Microfoft Windows 98SE/ME/2000/XP/Vista/Windows 7(32/64 bit), Mac/Linux


  • Specifications:Wireless LAN 11g USB Adapter, IEEE 802.11g, USB1.1/2.0, 2.4GHz-2.4835GHz
  • Ralink Chipset IEEE 802.11g: 6, 9, 12, 18, 25, 36, 48, 54Mbps, 5V DV
  • System Requirements:PC - compatible computer, CPU speed of 200MHz or above;Memory: 64MB or above, 12
  • How to install driver and utility: Insert the software CD to your CD-ROM, then it will auto run imme
  • *Bulk Package*

Cara Meng-Enable-kan Ctrl + Alt + Backspace

Kalau tidak lupa ingatan, mulai dari ubuntu 9.04, ctrl+alt+backspace menjadi disable secara defaultnya. Untuk meng-enable-kan Ctrl + Alt+ Backspace tersebut kita bisa menggunakan tips berikut :

1. System-Preferences-keyboard

2. Pilih Layout - Options - 'Key sequence to kill the x server'

3. Klick/checklist Control + Alt + Backspace

System Preference Keyboard
:( duh screenshotnya jelek banget. Maap ye.. gak pake di edit sih

Nah jo, sekarang ente bisa nyoba sukses gaknya tip ini untuk merestart X-server hehe.. piss

Sony shows off its Android tablets

Sony offered the press a glimpse of its upcoming S1 and S2 tablets, which will enter an already-crowded market at an unannounced point later this year. Both run Android, but the S1 features a single 9.4-inch display, while the foldable (and pocketable) S2 features a hinge connecting a pair of 5.5-inch screens.

In a July 13 interview with CNBC , Sony Electronics president and COO Phil Molyneux explained that the S1 has an "off-center gravity point so it balances in your hand" and a "unique wraparound design." He then demonstrated both tablets, which are capable of syncing to Sony's e-reader, music and video hubs, but shied away from questions about pricing and exact release dates.

Sony's S1
(Click to enlarge)

The S1 will appear in the fall timeframe, with no supporting carriers mentioned so far for that device (both tablets are 3G/4G- and WiFi-compatible). Meanwhile, Sony did say AT&T will be the exclusive carrier of athe 4G-capable S2 in the United States, once the tablet is released sometime this year.

Sony had previously hinted at the device's capabilities in a short video that was high on whimsy and low on actual product detail. In April, the company offered a preliminary glimpse of the tablets, positioning its relatively late entrance into the market as a strategic move. "If I want to differentiate [our tablet] from others, do I release it tomorrow, or do I wait until I differentiate it?" Sony CEO Howard Stringer told Reuters at the time.

Sony was apparently toying with the idea of introducing 3D to the device. "Android 3.0 is a new version of the Android platform with a new holographic user interface that is designed from the ground up for devices with larger screen sizes, particularly tablets," Google Senior Vice President Andy Rubin wrote in a quote shoehorned into Sony's April announcement.

Sony's S2
(Click to enlarge)

According to a hands-on report from Engadget, the S1 and S2 certainly don't have 3D displays, but they do run Android 3.0 and have PlayStation gaming capabilities. The S1 is novel, however, in featuring a wedge profile designed to mimic a folded magazine, while the even-more-unusual S2 folds up and is capable of fitting into the breast pocket of a sport coat.

We additionally learned via Tweets by Technologizer editor Harry McCracken that the S1 and S2 will both feature Quick View, claimed to enable faster loading of web pages, plus software optimized for smooth scrolling. The S1 will include an infrared port so it can control TVs, McCracken adds.

In addition to the bestselling Apple iPad, the tablet market has become increasingly crowded over the past few months with Android-powered offerings from the likes of Samsung, Motorola and others. Meanwhile, rather than embrace the Android army, Research In Motion and Hewlett-Packard have released tablets running proprietary operating systems. Microsoft is planning for the next version of Windows, code-named "Windows 8," to appear in a tablet edition.

Among all those competitors, it remains to be seen whether Sony can establish a presence for itself.

The Video of an interview with CNBC :


11 July 2011

Linux Book

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6: Desktop and Administration

This book examines Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 for the desktop user and administrator. Though administrative tools are covered, the emphasis is on what a user would need to know to perform tasks. The focus here is on what users face when using Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, covering topics like applications, the GNOME and KDE desktops, shell commands, and the administration and network tools. Desktops are examined in detail, including configuration options. Applications examined include Office Suites, editors, ebook readers, music and video applications, email clients, Web and FTP browsers, as well as VoIP, microblogging, and IM applications. Administration topics are also covered including user management, software management, repositories, system startup, services, system monitoring, shell configuration, encryption, network connections, shared resources, authentication, SELinux, firewalls, shell configuration, backups, and printers.

Linux All-in-One For Dummies
A complete guide and reference to five major Linux distributions

Linux continues to grow in popularity worldwide as a low-cost, reliable operating system for enterprise use. Nine minibooks in this guide cover everything administrators need to know about the five leading versions: Ubuntu, Fedora Core, OpenSUSE, Mint, and Mandriva. The companion DVD includes full Ubuntu installations and ISO images for the other four, saving hours of downloading time.
  • The open source Linux operating system is gaining market share around the world for both desktop and server use; this soup-to-nuts guide covers installation and everything else administrators need to know about Ubuntu, Fedora Core, OpenSUSE, Mint, and Mandriva
  • Nine self-contained minibooks cover Linux basics, desktops, networking, Internet, administration, security, Linux servers, programming, and scripting
  • Updated to cover the newest versions of the five top distributions, with complete installation instructions and a DVD including the full Ubuntu installations and ISO images for the others
Linux users and administrators will be able to install and sample five popular Linux flavors with the information in Linux All-in-One For Dummies.
Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

From the Back Cover

New to Linux? Get started now — this handy how-to guide makes learning Linux easy!
No doubt about it, Linux is cool — and free! You can use it to set up a Web server or rejuvenate an old computer. Or use Linux as your desktop OS along with great applications such as This ready reference gives you everything you need to know about installing, configuring, and using Linux, while the DVD gives you five Linux flavors to sample.
  • It's a do-it-yourself thing — learn the essentials of installing and using Linux by checking out Books I and II
  • All about access — connect to the Internet, configure and manage TCP/IP networks, and set up e-mail, newsgroups, and Web surfing
  • Administrative stuff — manage user accounts, install applications, work with peripherals, and upgrade or customize the Linux kernel
  • Safety first — secure the network and the host, and perform regular security audits
  • Serve it up — configure an Apache Web server, set up an FTP server or a Windows® server, and explore Linux programming
Open the book and find:
  • Help navigating the GNOME® and KDE® desktops
  • Linux troubleshooting tips
  • How to set up a LAN
  • Secrets of using Linux to send instant messages and e-mail
  • System administration basics
  • Advice on securing Linux
  • How to run mail, news, and FTP servers
  • All about shell scripting
Bonus DVD Includes
  • ISO image files for five major Linux distributions you can try: Ubuntu Desktop, OpenSUSE, Mint 8, Fedora 12, and Mandriva Linux 2010
  • Complete instructions for installing and using each distribution
Please see the DVD appendix for complete system requirements.

GIMP ( GNU Image Manipulation Program ) for Linux

GIMP is an acronym for GNU Image Manipulation Program. It is a freely distributed program for such tasks as photo retouching, image composition and image authoring.

It has many capabilities. It can be used as a simple paint program, an expert quality photo retouching program, an online batch processing system, a mass production image renderer, an image format converter, etc.

GIMP is expandable and extensible. It is designed to be augmented with plug-ins and extensions to do just about anything. The advanced scripting interface allows everything from the simplest task to the most complex image manipulation procedures to be easily scripted.

GIMP is written and developed under X11 on UNIX platforms. But basically the same code also runs on MS Windows and Mac OS X.

It's very likely your Linux distribution already comes with a GIMP package. It is a preferred method of installing GIMP, as the distribution maintainers take care of all the dependencies and bug fix updates.

Ubuntu, Debian

Ubuntu or Debian users can simply run

apt-get install gimp

to get the latest stable release of GIMP.


SUSE users can install GIMP by running

yast -i gimp or zypper in gimp

depending on the distribution version.


Similarly to the above, Fedora users can install the latest stable GIMP by running

yum install gimp


Mandriva Linux users can install the latest stable GIMP by running

urpmi gimp

Features and Capabilities

This is only a very quickly thrown together list of GIMP features. You can also have a look at the illustrated features overview.

  • Painting
    • Full suite of painting tools including Brush, Pencil, Airbrush, Clone, etc.
    • Sub-pixel sampling for all paint tools for high quality anti-aliasing
    • Extremely powerful gradient editor and blend tool
    • Supports custom brushes and patterns
  • System
    • Tile based memory management so image size is limited only by available disk space
    • Virtually unlimited number of images open at one time
  • Advanced Manipulation
    • Full alpha channel support
    • Layers and channels
    • Multiple Undo/Redo (limited only by diskspace)
    • Editable text layers
    • Transformation tools including rotate, scale, shear and flip
    • Selection tools including rectangle, rounded rectangle, ellipse, free, fuzzy
    • Foreground extraction tool
    • Advanced path tool doing bezier and polygonal selections.
    • Transformable paths, transformable selections.
    • Quickmask to paint a selection.
  • Extensible
    • A Procedural Database for calling internal GIMP functions from external programs as in Script-fu
    • Advanced scripting capabilities (Scheme, Python, Perl)
    • Plug-ins which allow for the easy addition of new file formats and new effect filters
    • Over 100 plug-ins already available
  • Animation
    • Load and save animations in a convenient frame-as-layer format
    • MNG support
    • Frame Navigator (in GAP, the GIMP Animation Package)
    • Onion Skin (in GAP, the GIMP Animation Package)
    • Bluebox (in GAP, the GIMP Animation Package)
  • File Handling
    • File formats supported include bmp, gif, jpeg, mng, pcx, pdf, png, ps, psd, svg, tiff, tga, xpm, and many others
    • Load, display, convert, save to many file formats
    • SVG path import/export
  • Much, much more!

Installing Linux (Keeping Windows)

If you have been using Windows for any length of time you will have acquired some expertise and probably built up a collection of files you don't want to lose, two reasons why you might think moving to Linux is going to be too much trouble. It isn't, trust me and read on...

Dual booting

It is really quite simple to install two operating systems on a single PC, then use a piece of software called a 'boot manager' to choose which to load when you start the computer. Microsoft's boot manager only gives you one option, to boot Windows, but most Linux distros include the 'Lilo' or more often these days 'Grub' boot manager which is quite happy to let you choose from a list of operating systems, including Windows.


A hard disk, or for that matter a floppy, can be divided into several sections called partitions (just like you might partition a big office to make several smaller ones). Each partition is then formatted with whatever file system you want to use, and they don't have to be the same. Generally Windows PCs only have a single partition, though some manufacturers now make a 'restore partition' where they store a backup copy of Windows and their original software bundle in case you need to re-install.

If you are going to be dual booting you will need at least 3 partitions, one for Windows (which might use FAT32 or NTFS formatting), one for the Linux OS and one for 'swap' which is used by Linux as temporary memory rather like 'virtual' memory under Windows. Linux can use various formats, ext2 is common for swap, and can be used for the main bootable partition too, though ext3 or reiserfs are more common. If all this sounds complicated, don't worry the installer supplied with your distro will take the strain. Once partitioned your disk will appear to Windows to have shrunk, Windows simply doesn't recognize the existence of file systems other than its own. Linux is more accommodating and will recognize, and make use of, a wide range of file systems.


A few years ago most distros included a partitioning tool which would assess how much space was on your existing Windows disk, and suggest how much it would be safe to give over to Linux. If you checked 'Agree' it then re-sized the Windows partition and re-formatted the freed space for Linux. This worked very reliably with Windows 95, 98 and ME that used the FAT 32 file system, but not so well on NTFS which is normally used by Windows 2000 and XP.

Possibly because of this, or maybe because Microsoft have been grumbling about infringement of the copyright they hold on their file systems, resizing tools have disappeared from most distros, but are still available as separate applications. Whilst you are still in the proprietary software world you might like to buy Norton Partition Magic which is reckoned to be very good. Or you could take your first tentative step into the world of Open Source Software by downloading 'GParted' (Gnome Partition Editor) from Sourceforge.

Gparted is supplied as a small (30MB) .iso image file ready to burn to CD-R (or -RW) to make a bootable CD. Do that and put it to one side for a moment...


Though GPArted is good, nothing in this life is certain, especially where computers are concerned, so some basic precautions are required. First, a backup of everything you would hate to lose if the partitioning goes wrong. Check that you have the necessary disks to re-install Windows and any Windows software you want to keep using too. If you have them you probably won't need them, but if Gparted fails (or you mess up and make the wrong choices) you'll be glad you've got them. Make a note of settings for Internet dialers, ADSL modem settings, POP3 accounts, SMTP accounts and passwords for everything. It's a good idea to export Internet bookmarks and your email address book too. Then defrag the disk, this makes the re-sizing and partitioning much quicker and more reliable. When you sure you've checked everything, put the Gparted CD in the drive and reboot.


Your computer may, or may not, be set to boot from the CD/DVD drive. If you're not sure, just wait, if it goes straight into Windows as normal, it isn't. So reboot again and this time watch the screen closely until you get a message from the BIOS along the lines of, 'To Enter Setup...' then do what it says – usually it is 'Hit Escape' or 'Hit Del'. Do it and in the BIOS setup set CDROM as the first boot device. Save settings and exit the BIOS Setup. This time your PC will boot from the GParted CD.

Gparted actually loads a simple version of Linux into RAM, so you will see a lot of unfamiliar messages telling you what's happening, you can ignore them until you get to the 'Select your language' screen. Choose whatever you prefer and then you move onto choosing a keyboard layout. Do that too and you'll be asked to choose the X-server type.

If you've never used Linux before this might seem weird, so a brief digression is in order. 'X' is the graphics system used by most versions of Linux. It drives your screen (via your graphics card) your keyboard and your mouse. The X-server provides services to other software such as window managers and applications. These days fully featured distros use a version of X from Xorg, but it uses a lot of resources so you could choose the simpler Xvesa instead. Next choose your preferred screen resolution and color depth (the defaults will probably be sensible). After a brief pause the Gparted screen pops up.



Firefox 5.0 Linux

Firefox 5.0 has released on June 21 and sure already available for download from Mozilla. The Firefox 5 beta and the new faster update cycle that Mozilla has adopted to keep up with the new kid on the block, Google Chrome. Now the final version of Firefox 5 is available for download for Windows, Mac and Linux users. If you wanto install the version, you must choose the platform meet with your OS.

The facilities offered by the new browser include:

  • support for CSS animation, offering web developers the ability to include text slides in browser
  • integration with Google Search services
  • add-blocker to block popup windows
  • “find as you type” feature useful as you type text
  • sandboxing technology for a secure execution of potentially hazardous components of web pages
How to install Firefox 5.0 for Linux?

  • Download the released here
  • Extract the firefox-5.0.tar.bz2 installer and place it into the /opt ( I prefer to save my aplication into the /opt) folder with this command from the GNU/Linux (ubuntu) shell :
sudo tar xjf firefox-5.0.tar.bz2 -C /opt

  • Create Launcher with the target is /opt/firefox/firefox to launch the new firefox 5.0 from the Desktop
Firefox 5.0Firefox 5.0 Linux
Having fun with the generation of firefox browser.

07 July 2011

Membuat Embed di Excel

anda ingin masukkan object berupa document ataupun semua file-file yang dimasukkan pada tampilan excel. dengan cara embed. perhatikan gambar di bawah ini:
silahkan klik insert object dan pilih file apa yang akan anda masukkan, kalau ingin masukkan table yang serupa untuk dalam file excel. pilih create from file ... browse and oke... dan hasilnya bisa di lihat pada file excel yang baru ini. jika ingin merubah kontennya silahkan klik 2 kali pada objek dan anda bisa merubah file yang anda embed tadi.

06 July 2011

Cara Install Blender Linux

Kemarin kita sempet mengulas tentang blender yang bisa jalan diberbagai platform. Sebagai salah satu opensource 3D Content Creation yang powerfull.
Dari berbagai pilihan platform untuk menjalankan/meng-install blender, kita akan coba untuk menginstallnya di komputer dengan sistem GNU/Linux. Saya sendiri memakai ubuntu 11.04.

Proses installasi Blender di GNU/Linux termasuk ubuntu adalah sbb:

  • Download file installer untuk distribusi linux, saya memilih yang Linux-x86-32.
  • Extract file download tadi (blender-2.58-linux-glibc27-i686.tar.bz2) dengan klick kanan, pilih extract here ataupun dengan perintah tar xjf blender-2.58-linux-glibc27-i686.tar.bz2
Selain cara diatas, kita bisa juga menginstallnya dengan cara mengetikkan text command di terminal :

sudo apt-get install blender

Tunggu hingga prosesnya selesai.

Menjalankan Blender :

Bikin Launcher :
Klick kanan mouse di desktop
Create Launcher..

Create Launcher
Screenshot :

Blender 2.5

04 July 2011

Blender - Open Source 3D Content Creation Suite

Blender is the free open source 3D content creation suite, available for all major operating systems under the GNU General Public License.

Blender is the in-house software of a high quality animation studio. It has proven to be an extremely fast and versatile design instrument. The software has a personal touch, offering a unique approach to the world of three dimensions. Blender can be used to create TV commercials, to make technical visualizations or business graphics, to do some morphing, or to design user interfaces. Developers can easily build and manage complex environments. The renderer is versatile and extremely fast. All basic animation principles (curves and keys) are implemented.

Blender Movie Creation

Download The Installer :

Blender Creation :

Blender truely cool opensource suite

PCLinuxOS - Easy To Used Linux System

PCLinuxOS is a free easy to use Linux-based Operating System for x86 desktops or laptops.

PCLinuxOS is distributed as a LiveCD, and can also be installed to your computer. The LiveCD mode lets you try PCLInuxOS without making any changes to your computer. If you like it, you can install the operating system to your hard drive. Locally installed versions of PCLinuxOS utilize the Advanced Packaging Tool (or APT), a package management system (originally from the Debian distribution), together with Synaptic, a GUI frontend to APT for easy software installation. PCLinuxOS has over 12,000 rpm software packages available from our software repository.

PCLinuxOS has a script called mylivecd, which allows the user to take a ‘snapshot’ of their current hard drive installation (all settings, applications, documents, etc.) and compress it into an ISO CD/DVD image. This allows easy backup of a user’s data and also makes it easy to create your own custom live CD/DVD.

PCLinuxOS has additional support for over 85 language through our simple Addlocale interface.

PCLinuxOS is safe and secure. You never have to worry about viruses, adware, malware or trojans infecting your computer with PCLinuxOS.

The PCLinuxOS distribution was founded October 24, 2003 by Texstar and headquarters are located in Houston, TX USA.

What we can do with PCLinuxOS?

Internet tools : PCLinuxOS comes with a complete internet suite for surfing the net, sending and receiving email, instant messaging , blogging , tweeting and watching online video.

Photos: Edit photographs, upload and mange your photo collections with GIMP and Picasa software applications.

Music and Video: Listen, organize and stream mp3 music from your desktop. Sync your mp3 player with your music collection. Listen to streaming internet radio. Watch Youtube videos. Watch TV shows and movies online as well as DVDs. Design DVD slide shows and more. PCLinuxOS is a full multimedia operating system.

Productivity: Open Office allows you to edit documents, create presentations, work on spreadsheets, graphics and is available in many languages. Installation is easy through our GetOpenOffice utility.

Hardware Requirement :

Processor :

Any Intel, AMD or VIA processor.

Memory & storage :

RAM : 512 MB minimum, 1 GB recommended.

Hard disk : 3 GB minimum, 8-10 GB recommended for a full setup.

Video card

nVidia, ATI, Intel, SiS, Matrox, VIA.

3D desktop support requires a 3D instructions set compatible card.

Sound card

Any Sound Blaster, AC97 or HDA compatible card.

Creative Labs X-Fi cards are not currently supported.


CD drive required.

SATA, IDE, SCSI, SAS : most controllers are supported in non-RAID mode.

Get the copy of PCLinuxOS Now from the download section.

Online support is available through our friendly support forum or mailing lists.

PCLinuxOS 2010 was built from the ground up using the packages in our repository. The packages in our repo may be original creations but may also contain repackaged and modified packages from Fedora, OpenSuse and Mandriva released under the GPL. PCLinuxOS packages may also contain patches from Ubuntu, Debian, PLD and Charka. The PCLinuxOS team would like to thank these distributions who may have indirectly contributed to the PCLinuxOS distribution.

The PCLinuxOS name is Copyrighted 2003 and Trademarked through the Linux Mark Institute. All rights reserved. Linux is trademarked by Linus Torvalds.


Samsung Series 5 3G Chromebook (Arctic White)

Samsung Series 5 3G Chromebook (Arctic White)
Samsung Series 5 3G Chromebook (Arctic White)

Innovatively designed to go as long as you can, the Samsung Chromebook Series 5 lets you spend the whole day surfing, streaming, and working on the web on just one charge. With less than 10-second booting and an amazing 8.5 hours of battery life, the light and sleek Chromebook Series 5 gives you the ultimate web experience that you won't find on any other laptop.

The Chrome-based operating system features a streamlined user interface, making it easier for you to navigate the web--where you already spend most of your computing time. All your apps, documents, and settings are stored safely in the cloud. Every Chrome notebook runs millions of web apps, from games to spreadsheets to photo editors. And the Samsung Chromebook uses advanced technology to help prevent malware and viruses from accessing your data without you ever having to lift a finger.

This Samsung Chromebook in White features a 12.1-inch LED-backlit display with an anti-reflective screen. It's powered by a next-generation, dual-core Intel processor, which combines performance and energy efficiency to provide new levels of support for applications like games, as well as Adobe Flash technology for improved access to multimedia sites such as YouTube and Hulu. Weighing in at 3.3 pounds, the ultra compact design provides maximum portability without compromising on functionality and optimal performance.

This model includes integrated 3G broadband cellular connectivity via Verizon Wireless as well as ultra-fast Wireless-N networking for connecting to home or office LANs. It also includes two USB ports, a 4-in-1 memory card reader, buttonless touchpad with multi-gesture support, and a 1-megapixel webcam for video chats and snapping pics for social networking sites.

Chromebook Features

Instant On

The Samsung Chromebook gets you on the web as quickly as possible. It boots in less than 10 seconds and resumes instantly from sleep. Open the lid, and you're back on the web so you don't miss a beat. And Chromebooks are designed to get faster over time as updates are released.

Find Your Next Favorite Web App

Every Chromebook runs millions of web apps, from games to spreadsheets to photo editors. Thanks to the power of HTML5, many apps keep working even in those rare moments when you're not connected. To try the latest apps, visit the Chrome Web Store or just type in a URL. You can easily create shortcuts on your new tab page to launch your favorite web applications, so that you can enhance your online experience. No CDs required.

Simplicity in Sync

Chromebooks keep your apps, documents, favorites and settings safely in the cloud. That means you can login to a friend's Chomebook and access your profile without disturbing theirs. Or, if you lose or break your Chromebook you have nothing to worry about. Just get another and login, you will be back up and running in minutes like nothing happened.

Forever Fresh
Your Chromebook gets better and better over time, unlike a traditional PC. When you turn it on, it updates itself. Automatically. All of your apps stay up-to-date, and you get the latest and greatest version of the operating system without having to think about it. Annoying update prompts not included.

Friends Let Friends Log In

Chromebooks are easy to share with family and friends. They can log in to experience all of their own Chrome settings, apps and extensions, or use a Guest session to browse privately. Either way, no one else using your Chromebook will have access to your email and personal data.

Built-in Security

Chromebooks run the first operating system designed from the ground up to defend against the ongoing threat of malware and viruses. They employ the principle of "defense in depth" to provide multiple layers of protection, including sandboxing, data encryption, and verified boot. Websites load quickly and smoothly and all your apps, documents, and settings are stored safely in the cloud.

Hardware Features

SuperBright LED Display

The anti-reflective 12.1-inch LED display has a mirror effect and produces the sharpest images with 300-nit brightness, which is up to 40 percent brighter than normal laptops. Get outstanding picture quality and text readability, even when you're outdoors. Enjoy the web longer without straining your eyes.

Wireless-N Wi-Fi

It's easy to get connected anytime and anywhere with built-in Wi-Fi and 3G, provided by Verizon Wireless. The Wi-Fi LAN is compatible with ultra-fast Wireless-N networks (802.11n) as well as backward compatible with older networks (802.11b/g). As your Chromebook boots up, it quickly connects to your favorite wireless network so you're on the web right from the start.

Easy-to-Use Full-Sized Keyboard

Make the most of the web by using a keyboard that's designed for it. Your Chromebook comes equipped with a dedicated search key, a new row of web-enabled keys, and a comfortable, full-size layout that doesn't cramp your fingers so you can get more done and make fewer errors.

Longer Battery Lifespan with PowerPlus

Samsung's intelligent battery charging technology enables the battery to keep 80 percent of its original capacity for up to 1,000 recharges--more than 3x longer than a typical battery. This makes our batteries more economical and environmentally friendly since fewer batteries need to be replaced over the lifecycle.

Key Specifications

  • Processor: 1.66 GHz Intel Atom dual-core N570 processor
  • Storage: 16 GB solid-state drive (SSD)
  • System Memory: 2 GB
  • Communications: Wireless-N Wi-Fi (802.11b/g/n), integrated 3G (via optional Verizon Wireless subscription)
  • Ports: Two USB 2.0, 4-in-1 memory card reader (SD, SDHC, SDXC, MMC)
  • Video out: VGA (via optional dongle)
  • Audio: Built-in stereo speakers, combo headphone/microphone jack
  • Battery: 6-cell battery for up to 8.5 hours of use
  • Webcam: 1-megapixel


03 July 2011

Formula SUM di Excel

dalam pembuatan rumus menjumlahkan satu kolom atau pun baris yang akan di kalkulasikan dalam bentuk apapun adalah sbb: =sum(... : ...)    yaitu cell pertama sampai terakhir. hal ini digunakan untuk menyingkat formula =(cell1+cell2+...+celln). berikut adalah contoh pemakaian sum


CentOS - The Community Enterprise Operating System

CentOS is an Enterprise-class Linux Distribution derived from sources freely provided to the public by a prominent North American Enterprise Linux vendor. CentOS conforms fully with the upstream vendors redistribution policy and aims to be 100% binary compatible. (CentOS mainly changes packages to remove upstream vendor branding and artwork.) CentOS is free.

CentOS is developed by a small but growing team of core developers. In turn the core developers are supported by an active user community including system administrators, network administrators, enterprise users, managers, core Linux contributors and Linux enthusiasts from around the world.

CentOS has numerous advantages over some of the other clone projects including: an active and growing user community, quickly rebuilt, tested, and QA'ed errata packages, an extensive mirror network, developers who are contactable and responsive, multiple free support avenues including IRC Chat, Mailing Lists, Forums, a dynamic FAQ. Commercial support is offered via a number of vendors.

CentOS 5.6 Released

The CentOS team is pleased to announce the availability of CentOS 5.6. Major changes in CentOS 5.6 compared to CentOS 5.5 include:

ext4 is now a fully supported file system
libvirt was updated to 0.8.2
bind was updated to 9.7 and supports NSEC3 now.
ebtables was added
php53 is available as a php replacement.
System Security Services Daemon (SSSD) has been added.

Other upgrades include newer version of several wireless drivers, Samba3x, ghostscript, LVM, mod_nss, subversion and gcc, plus others.

Distro Release Announcement |
Documentation: CentOS 5

Release Notes: CentOS
Download: i386 | x86_64

02 July 2011

I'm in Black :-(



01 July 2011

Cara Refill Cartridge HP F22 all series

cara ni dapet dari beberapa site yang saya aplikasikan dan di terapkan .. ternyata bener2 jalan ni cara..
jadi cartridge akan terbaca oleh sistem dari HP seperti layaknya beli baru meskipun yang kita lakukan hanya refill pada cartridge tersebut. inilah yang sering jadi kendala beberapa orang ketika sudah membeli printer HP.

3 Operating System in 1

i have try combine server 2003 punya microsoft ama windows 7 and ubuntu 10.10.
berapa hari ngetes gagal trus, akhirnya berhasil juga. emang sih ada kekhawatiran takut bad sector, but it's time to try and learn. berpedoman pada istilah kegagalan is the first time success yang tertunda. make it worked...

pertama install win server 2003 dengan membuat 4 partisi, kemudian setelah selesai dengan administratifnya "H" lanjut install ubuntu 10.10 but installnya dalam win server 2003 dengan menggunakan partisi yang lain "E". gunakan semua partisi dalam format NTFS semua "C", "D", "E", "H". setelah selesai. restart and selesaikan instalasi ubuntu tadi di tampilan booting dengan memilih ubuntu. "D" hanya untuk data saja not repair. setelah selesai. buka kembali win server 2003 and enter windows 7 "C" to install it. lanjut sampai selesai. and 3 OS worked yang akan muncul pertama boot seperti ini.... silahkan pilih....

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